Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Table of Contents

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, a small yet robust breed, is renowned for its intelligence, agility, and friendly demeanor. Originating from Pembrokeshire, Wales, these dogs are distinguished by their short stature, strong build, and fox-like facial features. Typically weighing between 25 to 30 pounds and standing about 10 to 12 inches tall, they possess a dense double coat that comes in various colors, including red, sable, fawn, and black and tan, often with white markings.

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them excellent family pets. They are particularly good with children and other animals, owing to their sociable temperament. These dogs are highly trainable, responding well to positive reinforcement techniques. Their herding background endows them with a natural instinct for activity and mental stimulation, necessitating regular exercise and engagement. Despite their small size, they are alert and make good watchdogs. Regular grooming is essential to manage their shedding, especially during seasonal changes.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:

12 to 14 years



Maintenance Level:


Shed Level


Best For

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is best suited for active families or individuals seeking a loyal, intelligent companion. They thrive in environments where they can engage in regular physical and mental stimulation, making them ideal for those who enjoy interactive play and training.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Traits

Breed Characteristics

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are small, sturdy dogs known for their intelligence, agility, and affectionate nature. They have a distinctive appearance with short legs, a strong build, and a fox-like face, and are well-suited for various activities due to their herding background and eagerness to learn.


Exercise Needs
Health Issues
Barking Tendencies
Grooming Needs
Shedding Level
Training Needs
Good With Kids
Good With Cats
Good As A Service Dog
Good For Apartments & Small Homes
Biting Tendencies
Energy Level
Good With Other Dogs
Sensitive to Cold Weather
Sensitive to Warm Weather
Good For First Time Pet Parents

Breed Appearance

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi boasts a distinctive, charming appearance with its short, sturdy frame, and fox-like face. They have a straight back, deep chest, and short legs, complemented by a dense, weather-resistant double coat that comes in various colors, often with white markings.

1. Ears
Upright, medium-sized, and set in line with the body.
2. Eyes
Oval-shaped, medium-sized, and vary in color but often reflect the coat color.
3. Nose
Black and proportionate to the face.
4. Height
Typically 10 to 12 inches at the shoulder.
5. Coat Length
Medium length with a thick undercoat and a longer topcoat.
6. Coat Color
Common colors include red, sable, fawn, black and tan, often with white markings.
7. Tail
Traditionally docked, but natural tails are becoming more accepted; varies from short to medium length.
8. Weight
Generally ranges from 25 to 30 pounds.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Temperament

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is known for its outgoing, friendly, and intelligent temperament. These dogs are highly affectionate and form strong bonds with their families, often showing a playful and protective nature. They are known for being good with children, making them excellent family pets. Corgis are alert and curious, which can sometimes lead to a tendency to bark, especially if they perceive a threat to their home or family.

Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them highly trainable, but they also have a strong independent streak, which can require patience and consistency in training. Originally bred for herding, they have a high energy level and need regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. This breed’s sociable nature means they generally get along well with other dogs and pets, especially if socialized from a young age. Their herding instinct can sometimes manifest in a tendency to herd people, particularly children, by gently nipping at their heels. Overall, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a loyal, loving, and spirited companion.

How to Care for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Caring for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi involves providing regular exercise to satisfy their high energy levels and engaging them in mental stimulation to keep their intelligent minds active. A balanced diet, routine grooming to manage shedding, and regular veterinary check-ups are essential. Early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement-based training are crucial for their well-being and behavioral development.

Caring for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s grooming needs involves a few key practices to keep them healthy and comfortable. Their thick double coat requires regular brushing, ideally a few times a week, to remove loose hair and prevent matting, especially during their bi-annual shedding seasons when they shed more heavily. During these times, daily brushing might be necessary.

Bathing a Corgi should be done every few months or as needed, using a dog-specific shampoo to keep their coat clean and healthy. It’s important to thoroughly rinse and dry their coat to prevent any skin irritation.

Regular nail trimming is essential to prevent overgrowth and discomfort, typically done every month or as needed. Their ears should be checked weekly for signs of infection, wax build-up, or debris, and cleaned as required with a vet-approved solution. Dental hygiene is also crucial; brushing their teeth several times a week with dog-specific toothpaste helps prevent dental issues.

Lastly, due to their active nature, it’s important to regularly check their paws and coat for any signs of injury or foreign objects, especially after outdoor activities. Consistent grooming not only keeps a Pembroke Welsh Corgi looking their best but also provides an opportunity to check for any health issues and strengthen the bond between pet and owner.

Training a Pembroke Welsh Corgi effectively involves a combination of consistency, positive reinforcement, and patience, given their intelligent and sometimes independent nature. Here are key steps to follow:

  1. Start Early: Begin training your Corgi as soon as you bring them home. They are quick learners and early socialization and training can help prevent behavioral issues.

  2. Positive Reinforcement: Use treats, praise, and play as rewards. Corgis respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, which encourage them to repeat desired behaviors.

  3. Consistency is Key: Be consistent with commands and routines. This breed thrives on routine and clear expectations. Inconsistent training can lead to confusion and stubbornness.

  4. Socialization: Expose your Corgi to different people, pets, environments, and situations from a young age. This helps them become well-adjusted and reduces the likelihood of fear or aggression.

  5. Short and Engaging Training Sessions: Keep training sessions short, fun, and engaging. Corgis can become bored with repetitive or lengthy sessions, so mix up the activities and keep them interesting.

  6. Teach Basic Commands: Focus on basic commands like sit, stay, come, heel, and down. These form the foundation of good behavior and obedience.

  7. Address Herding Behavior: Given their herding instincts, Corgis might try to herd people, especially children, by nipping at their heels. It’s important to train them out of this behavior early on.

  8. Leash Training: Leash training is important for their safety and for enjoyable walks. Teach them to walk without pulling.

  9. Crate Training: Crate training can be beneficial for housebreaking and creating a safe space for your Corgi.

  10. Patience and Understanding: Understand that each dog learns at its own pace. Patience and persistent, gentle guidance are key.

Remember, training is an ongoing process. Regularly practicing and reinforcing learned behaviors will help your Corgi remain well-behaved and happy. If needed, don’t hesitate to seek help from professional dog trainers, especially for more challenging behaviors.

Proper diet and nutrition are crucial for the health and well-being of a Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Here are some guidelines to follow:

  1. Balanced Diet: Ensure your Corgi’s diet is balanced and meets all their nutritional needs. This typically includes a good mix of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. High-quality commercial dog food, either dry kibble or wet food, that is appropriate for their age (puppy, adult, senior), size, and activity level is usually a good choice.

  2. Portion Control: Corgis are prone to obesity, so it’s important to monitor their food intake. Follow the feeding guidelines provided by the food manufacturer and adjust as necessary based on your dog’s activity level and weight. Feeding two smaller meals a day instead of one large meal can help manage hunger and weight.

  3. Avoid Overfeeding: Be cautious with treats and avoid overfeeding. Treats should only make up a small percentage of their daily calorie intake.

  4. Fresh Water: Always provide access to fresh, clean water.

  5. Special Dietary Needs: Be aware of any special dietary needs or food allergies your Corgi may have. Some Corgis may require specific diets due to health issues like allergies or sensitivities.

  6. Regular Weight Checks: Regularly monitor your Corgi’s weight and body condition. Adjust their diet and exercise if you notice weight gain or loss.

  7. Consult Your Vet: It’s always a good idea to consult with your veterinarian about your Corgi’s specific dietary needs, especially if you have any concerns or if your dog has special health needs.

Remember, a proper diet plays a significant role in the overall health, energy levels, and longevity of your Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Avoid feeding them human food that can be harmful to dogs, and stick to a feeding schedule to maintain their digestive health and weight.

Exercising a Pembroke Welsh Corgi is essential for their physical and mental well-being, given their active and intelligent nature. Here are some tips for providing appropriate exercise:

  1. Daily Exercise: Corgis require regular daily exercise to maintain their health and prevent obesity. Aim for at least an hour of exercise each day, which can be divided into two or more sessions.

  2. Walks: Regular walks are important, not just for physical exercise but also for mental stimulation. Keep the walks interesting by varying the routes and allowing them to explore new scents and environments.

  3. Playtime: Engage in play activities that stimulate their mind and body. Games like fetch, tug-of-war, and hide-and-seek can be great for this.

  4. Mental Stimulation: Corgis are intelligent dogs and need mental challenges. Use puzzle toys, training sessions, and interactive games to keep their minds active.

  5. Herding Instincts: If possible, activities that channel their natural herding instincts can be very fulfilling for them. This can include herding balls or participating in dog sports like agility or obedience trials.

  6. Socialization: Allow them to play with other dogs. This not only provides physical exercise but also important social interaction.

  7. Avoid Overexertion: Be mindful of their short legs and long back. Avoid activities that involve a lot of jumping or steep climbing, as this can put undue stress on their spine.

  8. Weather Considerations: Corgis have a thick coat, so be cautious in hot weather to prevent overheating. Ensure they have access to water and shade during outdoor activities.

  9. Regular Breaks: Especially for puppies and older dogs, ensure they have regular breaks during exercise to prevent fatigue.

  10. Tailor Exercise to Their Age and Health: Adjust the type and amount of exercise according to your Corgi’s age, health, and energy level. Puppies, adults, and seniors will have different exercise needs.

Regular exercise not only keeps your Pembroke Welsh Corgi physically fit but also helps to prevent behavioral problems that can stem from boredom and excess energy. It’s also a great opportunity to strengthen the bond between you and your pet.

Creating an ideal environment for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi involves considering both their physical and mental needs. Here are some key aspects to focus on:

  1. Safe Indoor Space: Ensure they have a comfortable, safe space indoors. Corgis are social animals and prefer to be where their family is. A cozy bed in a quiet corner or a crate for them to retreat to when they need rest is ideal.

  2. Fenced Outdoor Area: If you have a yard, a secure fence is important to prevent them from wandering off, given their curiosity and herding instincts. Ensure the outdoor space is safe and free from hazards where they can play and explore.

  3. Mental Stimulation: Provide plenty of toys and puzzles that challenge their intelligence. Corgis enjoy having tasks and activities that keep their minds active.

  4. Regular Exercise: Access to an area where they can exercise daily is crucial. This could be a backyard, nearby park, or walking routes.

  5. Social Interaction: A social environment where they can interact with people and other pets is beneficial for their mental health. Corgis thrive on attention and companionship.

  6. Climate Control: Be mindful of the temperature in your home. Their thick coats make them more susceptible to overheating, so in warmer climates, air conditioning or fans can help keep them comfortable.

  7. Avoid Stairs: If possible, limit their need to use stairs frequently. Due to their long backs and short legs, excessive stair climbing can lead to spinal issues.

  8. Training and Boundaries: Establishing clear boundaries and consistent training within the home helps create a structured and harmonious environment.

  9. Regular Grooming Area: Set up a space for regular grooming. This is important for their coat health and overall well-being.

  10. Access to Clean Water: Always ensure they have access to fresh water, both indoors and outdoors.

Remember, the ideal environment for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one where they feel loved, secure, and stimulated. Regular human interaction and a stable routine are key components of a happy and healthy life for a Corgi.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Health

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. Being aware of these common health issues can help in early detection and treatment. Here are some health concerns associated with Pembroke Welsh Corgis:

  1. Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic condition where the thigh bone doesn’t fit snugly into the hip joint. It can lead to pain and arthritis. Screening for hip dysplasia is important, and maintaining a healthy weight can help manage this condition.

  2. Degenerative Myelopathy: A progressive neurological disorder that can result in paralysis. There’s no cure, but physical therapy can help manage symptoms.

  3. Intervertebral Disc Disease: Due to their long backs and short legs, Corgis are susceptible to spinal issues, including disc herniation.

  4. Von Willebrand’s Disease: A blood disorder that affects clotting. It’s important to test for this condition, especially before surgery.

  5. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): An eye disease that eventually leads to blindness. Responsible breeding and genetic testing can help reduce the incidence of PRA.

  6. Obesity: Corgis love to eat and can easily become overweight, which puts extra strain on their bodies. Proper diet and regular exercise are crucial.

  7. Ear Infections: Their ears can trap moisture and debris,

leading to infections. Regular cleaning and monitoring of their ears can help prevent this. Overall, while Pembroke Welsh Corgis are predisposed to certain health issues, with proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, and a healthy lifestyle, they can enjoy a long and happy life. Being proactive about their health and aware of these common conditions will help ensure your Corgi remains a vibrant and active member of your family for many years.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breed Comparison and Consideration

When considering a Pembroke Welsh Corgi and comparing it to other breeds, there are several factors to take into account, including temperament, size, exercise needs, and grooming requirements. Here’s a brief comparison with some popular breeds:

Compared to Labrador Retrievers:

    • Size: Corgis are much smaller than Labradors.
    • Energy Levels: Both breeds are energetic, but Corgis may have more endurance in herding activities.
    • Grooming: Corgis require more frequent grooming due to their thick double coat.
    • Temperament: Both are friendly and good with families, but Corgis can be more territorial and have stronger herding instincts.

Compared to German Shepherds:

    • Size: Corgis are smaller and more manageable in size.
    • Guarding Instincts: While both breeds are alert, German Shepherds are more suited for guard duties.
    • Exercise Needs: Both require regular exercise, but German Shepherds may need more intensive physical activity.
    • Training: Both are intelligent and trainable, though Corgis might show more independence.

Compared to Beagles:

    • Exercise Needs: Corgis generally require more exercise and mental stimulation.
    • Temperament: Corgis are herding dogs and may try to herd children and animals, unlike Beagles.
    • Barking: Beagles are known for their howling, while Corgis tend to bark more sharply.

Compared to Shih Tzus:

    • Grooming Needs: Both breeds require regular grooming, but Shih Tzus need daily brushing to maintain their long coat.
    • Exercise Needs: Corgis are more active and need more exercise.
    • Temperament: Corgis are more likely to be assertive and have strong herding instincts.

Compared to Border Collies:

    • Energy Levels: Both are high-energy breeds, but Border Collies may have even higher exercise requirements.
    • Intelligence: Both are extremely intelligent, though Border Collies are often considered the more intense and focused of the two.

General Considerations:

    • Space: Corgis are adaptable to various living situations, including apartments, as long as they get enough exercise.
    • Family Life: Excellent with children and other pets if socialized early.
    • Health Issues: Awareness of breed-specific health issues is crucial.

In summary, when comparing the Pembroke Welsh Corgi to other breeds, consider factors like size, exercise needs, grooming requirements, and temperament. Corgis are a great choice for those seeking an active, intelligent, and affectionate dog that is smaller in size but big in personality. However, their herding instincts and exercise needs should be matched with an owner’s lifestyle and ability to provide adequate care and stimulation.


Corgis often bond closely with one family member, showing a special affinity towards the person who spends the most time with them, especially in training and play.

While they can adapt to various climates, their thick coats make them more susceptible to overheating. Owners in hot climates should ensure they have access to air conditioning and plenty of water.

Corgis prefer company and may develop separation anxiety if left alone for too long. It’s important to gradually acclimate them to short periods alone and provide stimulating toys.

Due to their shedding, they might not be the best choice for people with severe allergies. Regular grooming can help manage some dander and hair, but it won’t eliminate the issue.

While they benefit from having a yard to play in, it’s not essential. Regular walks, indoor play, and mental stimulation can suffice for Corgis living in apartments.

Despite their short stature, Corgis excel in agility due to their intelligence, agility, and eagerness to learn. They enjoy the mental and physical challenges agility courses offer.

While they can swim, their short legs don’t make them natural swimmers. Always supervise them around water and consider a doggy life jacket for safety.

They are intelligent and generally eager to please, which can make training easier. However, their independent streak might require more patience and consistency.

If socialized early, they usually get along well with other pets. However, their herding instinct might kick in, leading them to herd other animals in the house.

Corgis are adaptable and can be great travel companions. They should be secured in a car with a harness or crate, and it’s important to plan for breaks on long journeys.

Top Takeaways

When considering a Pembroke Welsh Corgi, here are the top takeaways to keep in mind:

  1. Exercise Needs: Corgis are energetic and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are essential.

  2. Grooming Requirements: Their thick double coat sheds and requires regular brushing, especially during shedding seasons, to manage hair and maintain coat health.

  3. Training and Socialization: Intelligent and sometimes independent, Corgis respond well to positive reinforcement training. Early socialization is key to developing a well-rounded dog.

  4. Health Considerations: Be aware of breed-specific health issues like hip dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy, and obesity. Regular veterinary check-ups are important.

  5. Family-Friendly Nature: Corgis are known for being affectionate and good with children, making them excellent family pets when properly socialized.

  6. Size and Living Space: Their small size makes them adaptable to various living situations, including apartments, as long as they get enough exercise.

  7. Herding Instinct: Their herding background can manifest in nipping or herding behaviors, which can be managed with training.

  8. Companionship: Corgis thrive on companionship and can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. They do best in environments where they can interact regularly with their owners.

  9. Adaptability: They are versatile and can adapt to various lifestyles, but they do best with owners who understand and cater to their physical and mental needs.

  10. Longevity and Commitment: Corgis have a lifespan of around 12-15 years, so potential owners should be prepared for a long-term commitment to their care and well-being.

Understanding these key aspects will help ensure that you can provide a loving, suitable home for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi and enjoy the rewarding companionship this breed offers.

Top Pembroke Welsh Corgi Names

Choosing a name for your Pembroke Welsh Corgi can be a fun and creative process. Here are some unique names, inspired by their characteristics, Welsh heritage, and their adorable personalities, for both female and male Corgis:

Female Names











Male Names











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