German Spitz

Table of Contents

The German Spitz is a breed of dog that encompasses a range of sizes, from the smaller Kleinspitz to the larger Grossspitz. Known for their distinctive fluffy coat, pointed ears, and fox-like expression, they come in various colors, including white, black, brown, orange, and grey. Originating in Germany, they have a long history as watchdogs and companions.

These dogs are known for their lively and alert temperament. They are intelligent, energetic, and often form strong bonds with their owners. The German Spitz is typically friendly but can be reserved with strangers, making them excellent watchdogs. Their double coat requires regular grooming to maintain its fluffy appearance and prevent matting. This breed is adaptable to various living environments, as long as they receive adequate exercise and mental stimulation. German Spitzes are suitable for a variety of owners, from singles to families, and they generally get along well with children and other pets, provided they are socialized properly from a young age.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:

13 to 15 years



Maintenance Level:


Shed Level


Best For

The German Spitz is well-suited for owners who can manage their high grooming needs and provide regular exercise and mental stimulation. They’re adaptable to various living spaces, including apartments, and make good watchdogs due to their alert nature. Ideal for active individuals or families, they thrive with engagement and can be great with children and other pets, particularly with early socialization. Their intelligence makes them responsive to training, appealing to those who enjoy interactive pet care.

German Spitz Traits

Breed Characteristics

The German Spitz is characterized by its fluffy double coat, alert expression, and fox-like features. They are known for their lively, intelligent, and devoted personality. Adaptable in size from small to medium, they are energetic and require regular exercise and mental stimulation. Their temperament combines playfulness with a watchful, alert nature, making them excellent companions and watchdogs.


Exercise Needs
Health Issues
Barking Tendencies
Grooming Needs
Shedding Level
Training Needs
Good With Kids
Good With Cats
Good As A Service Dog
Good For Apartments & Small Homes
Biting Tendencies
Energy Level
Good With Other Dogs
Sensitive to Cold Weather
Sensitive to Warm Weather
Good For First Time Pet Parents

Breed Appearance

The German Spitz is known for its fluffy, dense double coat and a distinctive, fox-like face with alert, pointed ears. They come in a variety of sizes and colors, including white, black, brown, orange, and grey shades. Their coat, especially around the neck, is voluminous, adding to their striking appearance. This breed’s lively expression and plush coat make them both eye-catching and endearing.

1. Ears

Small, triangular, and erect, contributing to their alert and attentive expression.

2. Eyes
Dark and round, often giving them a keen, curious look.
3. Nose
Typically black and well-proportioned to their face.
4. Height
Varies from about 9 inches in smaller varieties to up to 15 inches in larger ones.
5. Coat Length
Features a long, fluffy double coat.
6. Coat Color
Comes in various colors, including white, black, brown, orange, and grey.
7. Tail
High-set and often curls over the back, covered in long fur.
8. Weight
For the smaller Kleinspitz, they typically weigh between 8 to 22 pounds, while the larger Mittelspitz can weigh up to 26 pounds.

German Spitz Temperament

The German Spitz is lively, alert, and intelligent, known for balancing affection with independence. Loyal to their family, they make excellent companions and are effective watchdogs. They respond well to positive training and require early socialization due to their strong personality and vocal nature.

  • Lively and Alert: The German Spitz is known for its lively and alert nature, often showing a keen interest in its surroundings.

  • Intelligent and Independent: They are intelligent dogs, capable of learning quickly, but may display an independent streak in their behavior.

  • Affectionate and Loyal: German Spitzes are affectionate with their families, often forming close bonds and displaying loyalty.

  • Watchful and Vocal: Their watchful nature makes them excellent watchdogs, and they are known to be vocal, especially when alerting to strangers or unusual situations.

  • Socialization and Training: Early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement training are important to manage their independent nature and ensure well-rounded behavior.

Understanding and catering to the German Spitz’s temperament is key to a harmonious relationship. They require an owner who respects their lively character while providing them with sufficient mental and physical stimulation.

How to Care for a German Spitz

Caring for a German Spitz involves regular grooming of their dense coat, providing daily exercise to manage their energy levels, and engaging in consistent, positive reinforcement training. They thrive on social interaction and mental stimulation, making them suitable for active owners who can meet their needs for companionship and activity. Regular veterinary check-ups are also essential to maintain their overall health.

Grooming a German Spitz requires regular brushing several times a week to maintain their fluffy double coat and prevent mats. They need bathing every few months with a gentle dog shampoo, along with routine nail trimming and ear cleaning. Regular dental care is also important to ensure overall health.

Regular Coat Maintenance

  • Brushing: Frequent brushing, at least a few times a week, is essential to manage their dense double coat and prevent matting.
  • Tools: Use a slicker brush and a metal comb for effective grooming.


  • Frequency: Bathe your German Spitz every few months or more often if needed, using a gentle dog-specific shampoo.
  • Haircuts: While they generally don’t need haircuts, trimming around their paws and sanitary areas can be beneficial.

Nail and Ear Care

  • Nail Trimming: Regularly trim their nails to prevent overgrowth and discomfort.
  • Ear Cleaning: Check and clean their ears regularly to prevent infections.

Dental Hygiene

  • Teeth Brushing: Regular dental care, including brushing, helps maintain oral health and prevent tartar buildup.

Regular grooming not only keeps the German Spitz’s coat in good condition but also contributes to their overall health and well-being.

Training a German Spitz involves using consistent, positive reinforcement methods, as they are intelligent but can be somewhat independent. Early socialization is crucial to develop well-rounded behavior, and training should include a variety of activities to keep them engaged and prevent boredom. Short, regular training sessions are most effective for this breed.

  • Understanding Their Personality: Recognize their intelligence and independence, which can influence their response to training.
  • Consistency and Positive Reinforcement: Use consistent commands and positive reinforcement, such as treats and praise, to encourage desired behaviors.
  • Early Socialization: Expose them to various environments, people, and animals from a young age to develop social skills.
  • Engaging Training Sessions: Keep training sessions short and varied to maintain their interest, as they can easily become bored with repetitive tasks.
  • Addressing Vocalization: Train them to respond to commands that manage their tendency to bark, using positive reinforcement techniques.
  • Ongoing Training: Continue training throughout their life to reinforce good behavior and provide mental stimulation.

Training a German Spitz requires patience and adaptability, utilizing consistent, positive methods and early socialization to nurture their well-rounded development.

A balanced diet tailored to their size and activity level is essential for a German Spitz. Monitor portion sizes to avoid overfeeding and obesity, and ensure they always have access to fresh water. Occasional healthy treats can be used for training, and regular vet consultations are recommended to address any specific dietary needs or changes as they age.

Balanced Diet

  • Nutritional Requirements: Ensure the diet is rich in essential nutrients suitable for their size and activity level.
  • Quality Food: Opt for high-quality dog food that caters to small to medium-sized breeds.

Portion Control and Feeding Schedule

  • Monitor Portions: Prevent obesity by controlling food portions.
  • Consistent Feeding Times: Establish a regular feeding schedule, typically twice daily.

Treats and Supplements

  • Moderate Treats: Use treats sparingly, ideally as part of training.
  • Supplements: Consider supplements as recommended by a vet, especially for coat health or specific dietary needs.

Access to Fresh Water

  • Hydration: Ensure constant access to clean water.

Dietary Adjustments

  • Life Stages: Adjust their diet for different life stages, from puppyhood to senior years.
  • Health Considerations: Tailor their diet based on any specific health concerns or conditions.

Regular vet check-ups can provide guidance on nutritional needs and help adjust the diet for optimal health, ensuring the German Spitz maintains a healthy weight and overall well-being.

Regular exercise is crucial for a German Spitz, including daily walks and play sessions to manage their energy levels. They enjoy activities that stimulate both their body and mind, such as interactive games or agility exercises. Providing a variety of physical and mental exercises helps to keep them healthy and prevent behavior issues related to boredom or excess energy.

Regular Physical Activity

  • Daily Walks: Essential for maintaining their physical health and satisfying their curiosity.
  • Playtime: Engage in play sessions to cater to their energetic and playful nature.

Mental Stimulation

  • Interactive Toys: Provide toys that challenge their intelligence and keep them mentally stimulated.
  • Training Exercises: Incorporate short, engaging training activities into their exercise routine.

Balancing Activity Levels

  • Monitor Energy Levels: Adjust the length and intensity of exercise to match their energy.
  • Indoor Activities: On days when outdoor activity is limited, provide indoor play to keep them active.

Regular and varied physical activities, along with mental stimulation, are crucial in keeping a German Spitz happy and healthy. They require an exercise regimen that caters to their lively and curious nature.

A German Spitz needs a living space where they can get ample social interaction and exercise. They adapt well to different home sizes, including apartments, as long as they’re not left alone for extended periods. Providing them with a comfortable rest area and engaging them in regular play and exercise is essential for their happiness and health.

Suitable Living Space

  • Adaptability to Home Size: German Spitzes adapt well to various living spaces, including apartments and larger homes, as long as they have enough room to move around.
  • Secure Outdoor Area: If available, a secure backyard where they can play and explore safely is beneficial.

Family Dynamics

  • Social Interaction: They thrive in environments where they can interact regularly with their family members.
  • Companionship: German Spitzes do well in homes where they are not left alone for extended periods, as they enjoy companionship.

Creating a Stimulating Environment

  • Play and Exercise Areas: Provide areas or opportunities for play and exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.
  • Safe and Comfortable Resting Space: Ensure they have a comfortable, quiet place to rest and sleep.

Providing an ideal environment for a German Spitz involves ensuring they have enough space for regular activity, companionship, and a comfortable area for rest. This breed’s adaptable nature makes them well-suited to various home settings, provided their basic needs for interaction and stimulation are met.

German Spitz Health

German Spitzes are generally a robust breed, but they can have breed-specific health issues.

Common Health Concerns

  • Dental Issues: Prone to dental problems, regular dental care is important.
  • Patellar Luxation: Common in small breeds, affecting the kneecap.
  • Eye Conditions: They may be prone to certain eye issues like cataracts.

Preventive Care

  • Regular veterinary check-ups are vital for early detection and management of health issues.
  • Keeping up with vaccinations and routine parasite control contributes to overall health.

Diet and Exercise

  • A balanced diet and regular exercise help in preventing obesity, which can exacerbate health issues.

Monitoring and Early Detection

  • Watch for signs of discomfort or illness, especially dental, joint, or eye problems.

Proactive healthcare and regular vet visits are essential in maintaining the health and well-being of a German Spitz.

German Spitz Breed Comparison and Consideration

The German Spitz, with its high grooming needs and energetic temperament, differs from lower-maintenance or less active breeds. Suitable for various living spaces, they’re adaptable to both apartments and larger homes. Their blend of independence and affection makes them distinct from more dependent breeds, ideal for owners who appreciate an engaging and alert companion.

When comparing the German Spitz to other breeds:

German Spitz vs. Pomeranian:

  • German Spitzes are larger and generally more independent than the smaller, more lap-oriented Pomeranian.
  • Both breeds share the Spitz-type characteristics but the German Spitz tends to be more active.

German Spitz vs. Keeshond:

  • The Keeshond is larger and has a more laid-back temperament compared to the smaller, more lively German Spitz.
  • Both have dense coats, but the Keeshond requires even more grooming.

German Spitz vs. Corgi:

  • Corgis are longer and lower to the ground, known for their herding instincts, unlike the more compact and alert German Spitz.
  • Both breeds are intelligent and active, but Corgis may have stronger herding tendencies.

These comparisons highlight the need to consider size, temperament, and activity levels when choosing the right breed for your lifestyle.


German Spitzes are known for their lively, alert, and intelligent nature, often displaying independence alongside affection for their family.

They require regular exercise, including daily walks and playtime, to manage their energy levels.

They can be good with children, particularly if socialized from a young age, but interactions should always be supervised.

Yes, they shed moderately and require regular grooming due to their dense double coat.

They are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain conditions like dental issues and patellar luxation.

Top Takeaways

The German Spitz is a lively and intelligent breed, known for its fluffy double coat and alert, fox-like expression. They are adaptable to a variety of living situations, thriving in both apartments and houses as long as they receive adequate exercise and mental stimulation. Their high energy level and playful nature make them suitable for active families or individuals.

Regular grooming is essential to maintain their coat, and they benefit from consistent, positive reinforcement training. While they are generally good with children and other pets, early socialization is important. Their watchful nature makes them excellent watchdogs. Overall, the German Spitz is a devoted and charming companion for those willing to meet their grooming and exercise needs.

Top German Spitz Names

For a German Spitz, consider names that reflect their lively and spirited personality. Here are some suggestions.

Female Names











Male Names











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