Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Table of Contents

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, often simply referred to as the “Cardigan” or “Cardi,” is one of the two distinct Corgi breeds (the other being the Pembroke Welsh Corgi). Originating from Wales in the United Kingdom, this breed is recognized for its sturdy build, long body, and expressive, fox-like face. Characterized by their large, erect ears and bushy tail – a feature that distinguishes them from their Pembroke counterparts – Cardigans are agile and athletic, a testament to their herding background.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi boasts a rich history as a working dog, used primarily to herd cattle. This past has gifted the breed with an alert, vigilant, and intelligent demeanor. They are quick learners and can be both independent and eager to please. In a household setting, Cardigans are affectionate and form strong bonds with their families, making them excellent companions. Their lively nature and playful antics often endear them to individuals and families alike. However, potential owners should be aware of their herding instincts, which can sometimes manifest as nipping at heels, especially in young puppies.

Although they might look like cuddly lap dogs, Cardigans are energetic and thrive on regular activity and mental stimulation. With early socialization and proper training, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi can be a delightful, loyal, and spirited member of any household.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:

12 to 15 years



Maintenance Level:


Shed Level


Best For

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is best suited for families, singles, and seniors alike who are looking for a loyal and spirited companion. They thrive in environments where they receive regular mental and physical stimulation, making them an ideal match for active individuals or those involved in dog sports. Their affectionate nature and moderate size also make them suitable for apartment living, provided they get their daily exercise. The Cardigan’s alertness and vigilant nature make them excellent watchdogs. They are also a great fit for homes with children, as they are patient and playful, but early socialization is crucial to ensure they don’t exhibit herding behaviors like nipping at heels. They can coexist harmoniously with other pets, especially when introduced at a young age. Overall, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is best for anyone ready to engage with their vibrant energy and commit to their care and training needs.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Traits

Breed Characteristics

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a breed that stands out for its unwavering loyalty and deep affection towards its family. This cuddle-loving breed boasts not only of its strong bond with humans but also its sharp intelligence, rooted in its herding ancestry. This combination of brains and playfulness makes them quick learners who relish activities like fetch, dog sports, and outdoor exploration.

Their energetic spirit, however, is balanced with a keen sense of alertness, making them adept watchdogs, always ready to raise the alarm at any unusual activity. But it’s not all about work; these Corgis have their quirky side. They can sometimes show a streak of stubbornness, thinking they might have a better solution to a problem!

Their herding background also shines through, especially when they display tendencies to herd children or other pets. While they’re generally affable, they do maintain a cautious demeanor around unfamiliar faces. Overall, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a delightful mix of warmth, alertness, and a hint of mischief, fitting seamlessly into various households and lifestyles.

When it comes to understanding the temperament and attributes of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, expert opinions, including those from dog trainers, vets, and behaviorists, place them on a scale ranging from 1 to 5 stars. While this offers a generalized understanding, it’s crucial to recognize that every dog has its unique personality. Thus, despite the common traits of a breed, there can always be exceptions.


Exercise Needs
Health Issues
Barking Tendencies
Grooming Needs
Shedding Level
Training Needs
Good With Kids
Good With Cats
Good As A Service Dog
Good For Apartments & Small Homes
Biting Tendencies
Energy Level
Good With Other Dogs
Sensitive to Cold Weather
Sensitive to Warm Weather
Good For First Time Pet Parents

Breed Characteristics

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a medium-sized dog known for its long body and short legs. It has a dense coat in various colors, including merle and brindle patterns. With erect, rounded ears and expressive eyes that can be hazel, brown, or blue, the Cardigan exudes alertness. Distinct from the Pembroke, it sports a long tail that gently curves upward. A brief detail characteristics are listed below as:

1. Ears
Their ears are large, erect, and slightly rounded at the tip, giving them a distinct and alert appearance.
2. Eyes
Their eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped, and can sometimes be of different colors, especially in blue merle Cardigans.
3. Body
Despite their short stature, Cardigans possess a robust and athletic build, indicative of their herding lineage. They have a long body in proportion to their legs.
4. Size
Medium-sized, with males typically weighing between 30-38 pounds and females between 25-34 pounds. Their height ranges from 10.5 to 12.5 inches at the shoulder.
5. Coat
The Cardigan’s coat is dense, medium in length, and water-resistant. It can come in various colors, including brindle, blue merle, black, and shades of red.
6. Legs
The legs are short but strong, equipped with thick bones to support the long body. The front legs are slightly bowed outwards, accommodating the broad chest.
7. Tail
One of the distinguishing features between the Cardigan and its cousin, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, is the tail. Cardigans have a long, bushy tail that reaches almost to the ground.
8. Nose
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a black, well-defined nose that complements its keen sense of smell. It’s medium-sized and sits prominently on their muzzle, fitting seamlessly with their expressive facial features.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Temperament

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi possesses a temperament that’s a delightful blend of affection and tenacity. Known for their loyalty and intelligence, these dogs are exceptionally devoted to their families. While they can be wary of strangers, they warm up quickly once they sense no threat, displaying their playful and friendly nature.

Originally bred for herding, they have an innate sense of responsibility and alertness, making them excellent watchdogs. Moreover, their social and adaptive nature, combined with their keenness to please their owners, makes them a joy to train. However, their herding background means they might occasionally show a tendency to nip at heels, especially of children, so early socialization is crucial.

How to Care for a Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, with its striking appearance and dense double coat, embodies both elegance and resilience. Though compact in stature, this breed’s grooming needs are significant to maintain its lustrous coat and ensure overall well-being. Let’s explore the grooming essentials for this beloved breed.

1. Coat Care: A hallmark of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is its plush double coat which varies from short to medium length. It’s designed to shield them from the elements, but also requires consistent maintenance.

  • Brushing: A weekly brushing routine is essential to eliminate loose hairs, deter mat formation, and evenly spread natural oils across the coat. During their bi-annual shedding seasons, notably in spring and fall, expect to brush them more frequently.

  • Bathing: While Corgis don’t require frequent bathing, when it’s bath time, always opt for dog-specific shampoos. This ensures the preservation of the coat’s innate oils. Post-bath, ensure they’re thoroughly dried, emphasizing the dense undercoat, to avert potential skin issues.

2. Ear Attention: Their proud, erect ears, though less susceptible to infections than droopy ones, still mandate periodic checks. A gentle cleaning using veterinarian-recommended solutions will keep them pristine.

3. Nail Management: Despite their active demeanor naturally wearing down their nails, regular inspections are paramount. Overgrown nails can induce pain or discomfort. Employ dog nail clippers and always be wary of the quick to prevent bleeding.

4. Dental Hygiene: Oral care is non-negotiable. Brushing their teeth multiple times a week with dog-appropriate toothpaste can stave off tartar accumulation and oral complications.

In conclusion, grooming isn’t just about aesthetics; it’s a health imperative. Consistent grooming rituals allow for early detection of potential health issues, ensuring the Cardigan Welsh Corgi remains vibrant and healthy throughout its life.

Affenpinschers have fairly moderate grooming needs. Their wiry coats and long hair around their face and neck need a brushing twice a week to prevent mats. But here’s the good news: Keep up with brushing, and your Affenpinscher’s shedding will be minimal.

To create that furry Ewok look, an Affenpinscher’s face and beard should be combed daily away from their eyes. Twice a week, brush out their coat with a bristle brush, slicker brush or pin brush. Their nails should be trimmed about once a month to prevent gradual injury to their paws and legs. You’ll know it’s time for a trim when you hear them tapping on hard surfaces.

Affenpinschers need a good scrub in the bath once a month—more if your Ewok doppleganger is prone to taking their adventures off the moon of Endor and into the dirt. A haircut every two to four months will keep your Affenpinscher’s coat healthy, and keep the hair out of their eyes so they can continue to gaze adoringly at you.

Many vets recommend brushing your dog’s teeth at least a few times a week, building up to daily. Your vet can teach you how to do it, and it’s best to start when your Affenpinscher is a puppy, so they’ll get used to it. Dental disease can not only cause problems with their teeth and gums but can lead to other health issues, like periodontal, heart or kidney diseases. An annual professional cleaning with your vet is also key to keeping your Affenpinscher’s teeth healthy.

This might sound like a lot, but remember: Keeping up with a regular grooming schedule will help your pup stay healthy and happy. It will keep your house cleaner, too!

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, known for its intelligence and spirited disposition, is both eager to please and quick to learn. However, their independent streak means that training should be approached with consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement. Embarking on a training journey with a Cardigan Welsh Corgi promises to be rewarding, provided one adheres to proven methods and maintains a sense of fun. Let’s delve into the training nuances of this endearing breed.

1. Early Socialization:
Starting socialization early is pivotal. Exposing your Corgi to various environments, sounds, people, and other animals from a young age can help inculcate confidence and ensure they grow up to be well-rounded dogs.

2. Consistency is Key:
Cardigans thrive on routine. Whether it’s house training or command training, consistency in your approach ensures that the dog knows what’s expected of them.

3. Positive Reinforcement:
As with many breeds, Cardigan Welsh Corgis respond best to positive reinforcement techniques. Rewards, be they treats, praises, or play, encourage them to repeat desired behaviors.

4. Addressing Herding Instincts:
Born with inherent herding instincts, Corgis might sometimes nip at heels or try to herd other animals or even children. It’s crucial to address this behavior early on, channeling this instinct into constructive activities or games.

5. Avoid Repetition:
Due to their sharp intellect, Corgis can quickly become bored with monotonous training sessions. Keep sessions short, varied, and engaging to capture and retain their attention.

Hence, training a Cardigan Welsh Corgi might have its set of challenges owing to their strong-willed nature, with the right approach, they are perfectly poised to be exemplary companions. Celebrate small milestones, stay patient, and relish the bonding experience training offers.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, with its active disposition and distinctive build, requires a tailored diet to maintain optimal health. Ensuring they receive balanced nutrition is not just about maintaining their lively spirit but also about promoting longevity and preventing breed-specific health concerns. As you embark on a journey to understand the dietary needs of this wonderful breed, let’s delve into the specifics of feeding a Cardigan Welsh Corgi.

1. Quality Over Quantity:
High-quality commercial dog food, whether dry, wet, or a combination, should always be the primary choice. Look for brands that list meat as the first ingredient and avoid those with fillers like corn, wheat, and soy.

2. Caloric Intake:
Given their moderate to high activity levels, a typical adult Cardigan Welsh Corgi will require anywhere from 800 to 1,000 calories a day, divided into two meals. However, this can vary based on age, activity level, and health.

3. Essential Nutrients:

  • Proteins: Lean meats such as chicken, turkey, and beef should form the basis of their diet.
  • Fats: Essential for energy and coat health. Fish oil can provide omega-3 fatty acids beneficial for skin and coat.
  • Carbohydrates: Provide energy. Opt for wholesome sources like sweet potatoes and brown rice.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Leafy greens and quality commercial foods usually suffice for this.

4. Be Wary of Weight:
Cardigan Welsh Corgis can be prone to obesity, especially if they’re not regularly exercised. Monitor their weight and adjust portion sizes accordingly. Avoid free-feeding and be consistent with meal times.

5. Hydration:
Ensure fresh water is always available. This is vital for digestion, nutrient absorption, and overall health.

6. Treats:
While treats are excellent for training and rewarding, they should be given in moderation and account for no more than 10% of their daily caloric intake.

7. Homemade vs. Store-bought:
If you’re considering a homemade diet, consult with a veterinarian or canine nutritionist to ensure all dietary needs are met.

In essence, the dietary needs of a Cardigan Welsh Corgi are straightforward but require vigilance. Regular vet check-ups, monitoring their weight, and being attentive to any allergic reactions or sensitivities can ensure your Cardigan thrives on the diet you provide. Remember, a well-fed Corgi is a happy, healthy Corgi!

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a vivacious and spirited breed, known for its agility and zest for life. With a heritage as a working dog, this breed is naturally active, making regular exercise not just a recommendation but a necessity. A well-exercised Corgi is not only physically fit but mentally stimulated and content. Let’s explore the various exercise requirements and activities suitable for this unique breed.

1. Duration and Frequency:
Cardigan Welsh Corgis typically require a minimum of 45 minutes to an hour of exercise daily. This can be split into two sessions – one in the morning and another in the evening.

2. Walks:
Daily walks are a must. Apart from the physical aspect, walks also provide mental stimulation as they get to sniff, explore, and interact with their environment. A brisk 30-minute walk, combined with play sessions, can help meet their daily exercise quota.

3. Playtime:
Corgis love to play! Fetch, tug-of-war, and even hide and seek are games that this breed particularly enjoys. These activities not only provide physical exertion but also stimulate their minds.

4. Agility Training:
Given their agility and intelligence, Cardigan Welsh Corgis often excel in agility courses. It’s an excellent way for them to burn off energy, learn new tricks, and strengthen the bond between pet and owner.

5. Mental Stimulation:
Exercise isn’t just about physical activity. Puzzle toys, interactive games, and obedience training sessions are excellent ways to challenge their brains and keep them engaged.

6. Social Interaction:
Regular playdates with other dogs can be beneficial. It allows them to socialize, which is vital for their mental well-being, and play with peers can be a great physical exercise.

7. Monitoring & Safety:
It’s crucial to be observant during exercise sessions. In extreme temperatures, especially heat, reduce the intensity and duration of physical activity. Always have water on hand to keep your Corgi hydrated.

8. Consistency is Key:
Like all dogs, Cardigan Welsh Corgis thrive on routine. Keeping a consistent exercise schedule will ensure they remain in peak physical condition and reduce behavioral problems arising from pent-up energy.

Hence, ensuring your Cardigan Welsh Corgi receives adequate exercise is a responsibility that reaps numerous rewards, from a physically healthy dog to a strengthened bond between pet and owner. Embrace their energetic nature, and you’ll have a happy, fit, and lively companion by your side.

Cardigan Welsh Corgis, with their rich history and distinct characteristics, are not just adaptable but also thrive when their environment resonates with their inherent needs. Hailing from Wales and historically employed as herders, these dogs possess a blend of energy, intelligence, and alertness. To truly appreciate and cater to their unique attributes, understanding their ideal living conditions becomes paramount. Here’s a comprehensive look into the perfect environment for a Cardigan Welsh Corgi.

1. Space Requirements:
Though relatively small, Corgis are active and enjoy having space to roam and play. A home with a yard would be ideal, but they can also adapt to apartment living provided they get ample exercise outdoors.

2. Rural vs. Urban Settings:
Given their herding background, they have an innate affinity for the countryside. Rural settings with open fields cater to their love for running and herding. However, with proper socialization and stimulation, they can also adapt well to city life.

3. Safe Enclosures:
Being intelligent and curious, Corgis can sometimes be escape artists. It’s essential to have a securely fenced area if you have a yard, ensuring they can’t dig under or jump over.

4. Climate Considerations:
Cardigan Welsh Corgis have a dense double coat that provides insulation. They are well-suited to cooler climates, but care should be taken in warmer weather. Ensure they have shade and fresh water, and avoid intense physical activity during the heat of the day.

5. Social Environment:
They are sociable dogs that enjoy human interaction and the company of other animals. Whether it’s family members, other pets, or regular visitors, they thrive in a socially stimulating environment.

6. Mental Stimulation:
An environment that provides cognitive challenges is crucial. Puzzle toys, training sessions, and interactive games should be a part of their daily routine to keep them mentally sharp.

7. Noise Sensitivity:
Corgis have a keen sense of hearing, making them alert watchdogs. However, a constantly noisy environment can be stressful for them. They fare best in moderately quiet surroundings, though early exposure and training can help them adapt to urban sounds.

8. Family Setting:
Being affectionate and loyal, Cardigan Welsh Corgis fit well into family settings. They’re great with kids, but interactions with younger children should always be supervised to ensure gentle play.

In essence, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a versatile breed that can adapt to various environments, but understanding and catering to their inherent needs ensures they lead a happy, healthy, and fulfilled life. Whether in the bustling city or the tranquil countryside, providing them with love, care, and the right conditions will ensure their well-being and happiness.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Health

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, with its distinctive stature and enthusiastic demeanor, is a breed that exudes charm and character, with a lifespan of 12-15 years. However, like all breeds, they come with their own set of health considerations. Being well-informed about their health profile can ensure you provide the best care for your Corgi throughout their life. Here’s an in-depth look at the health aspects of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi.

1. Genetic Predispositions:
Cardigan Welsh Corgis, due to their unique physique and hereditary factors, are predisposed to certain health conditions:

  • Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): Their long back puts them at risk for spinal issues, particularly IVDD. Regular vet check-ups, maintaining an optimal weight, and preventing them from jumping off high surfaces can mitigate this risk.

  • Hip Dysplasia: This condition involves an abnormal formation of the hip socket, leading to arthritis. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can help in prevention.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A degenerative eye disorder, it can lead to blindness. Regular eye check-ups are essential.

2. General Health Care:
Maintain a regular health check-up schedule, including vaccinations, deworming, and flea/tick preventatives.

3. Dental Health:
Corgis can be prone to dental issues. Regular teeth brushing, dental chews, and annual dental check-ups can help maintain oral health.

4. Diet:
Overweight Corgis are more prone to developing health issues. Ensure they’re on a balanced diet, and monitor their weight regularly.

5. Exercise Needs:
They’re active dogs that require regular exercise. However, due to their stature, be mindful of the intensity and ensure they don’t overexert themselves.

6. Grooming and Skin:
Their double coat can sometimes harbor parasites or lead to skin infections if not properly cared for. Regular grooming and checking their skin for abnormalities is essential.

7. Aging and Geriatric Care:
As Corgis age, they may develop arthritis, vision issues, or other age-related conditions. Specialized diets, joint supplements, and regular vet visits can help manage geriatric health issues.

8. Breeding and Reproductive Health:
If you’re considering breeding your Corgi, ensure genetic testing and health clearances to reduce the risk of hereditary conditions in puppies.

9. Cardiac Health:
Regular cardiac screenings can help detect any potential heart issues, ensuring early intervention if needed.

While Cardigan Welsh Corgis are generally hearty and robust dogs, being proactive about their health and informed about potential issues can lead to a longer, happier life for your pet. It’s essential to partner with a trusted veterinarian and stay updated on the latest health recommendations for the breed. Regular check-ups, a balanced lifestyle, and prompt attention to any health anomalies are key to ensuring your Corgi’s well-being.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed Comparison and Consideration

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, known for its expressive eyes, long body, and short legs, has a personality and physicality distinct from many other breeds. Let’s compare the Cardigan Welsh Corgi with other popular breeds to understand its uniqueness and considerations for potential owners:

1. Cardigan Welsh Corgi vs. Pembroke Welsh Corgi:

  • Physical Differences: The most noticeable difference is the tail. While the Cardigan has a long, bushy tail, the Pembroke’s is shorter. Cardigans also have larger, more rounded ears.
  • Temperament: Both breeds are intelligent and loyal, but Cardigans tend to be more reserved with strangers, whereas Pembrokes can be more outgoing.

2. Cardigan Welsh Corgi vs. Dachshund:

  • Physical Differences: Both breeds have long bodies and short legs, but Dachshunds have a more hound-like appearance with a pronounced snout.
  • Temperament: Dachshunds can be more stubborn and independent, while Cardigans are more amiable and eager to please.

3. Cardigan Welsh Corgi vs. Shetland Sheepdog:

  • Physical Differences: Shetland Sheepdogs are taller and have a more refined appearance, with a long, luxurious mane.
  • Temperament: Both breeds are herders, but Shelties can be more vocal and alert, while Cardigans are more adaptable to different living situations.

Considerations for Potential Cardigan Welsh Corgi Owners:

  • Space: Cardigans are adaptable to both apartment living and houses with yards. However, they do need daily exercise.

  • Grooming: Their double coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and reduce shedding.

  • Training: Cardigans are intelligent and trainable but can show a stubborn streak. Early socialization and training are essential.

  • Health: Be aware of breed-specific health issues, such as spinal problems and hip dysplasia. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can mitigate many concerns.

  • Activity Level: This breed is active and thrives on mental and physical stimulation. They excel in activities like herding, agility, and obedience.

In conclusion, while the Cardigan Welsh Corgi shares some similarities with other breeds, its distinctive traits and temperament set it apart. Those considering adding a Cardigan to their family should be prepared for an affectionate, intelligent, and sometimes mischievous companion. As with any breed, understanding the Cardigan’s unique needs and characteristics will ensure a harmonious relationship.


Cardigan Welsh Corgis typically stand about 10.5 to 12.5 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 25 to 38 pounds, with males being slightly larger than females.

Yes, they are generally good with children and can get along with other pets, especially if socialized from a young age. However, due to their herding instincts, they might try to herd small children or animals.

Their double coat requires regular brushing, ideally a few times a week, to prevent matting and reduce shedding. Bathing can be done as needed.

Like many breeds, they can be prone to certain health problems, such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and degenerative myelopathy. Regular veterinary check-ups can help catch and address potential issues early.

No, they are two distinct breeds. The most noticeable difference is the tail; Cardigans have a long tail, while Pembrokes have a shorter one. There are also differences in size, ear shape, and temperament.

Yes, they can adapt to apartment living as long as they receive adequate exercise and mental stimulation.

Cardigans can be vocal, especially if they sense something amiss or are bored. Proper training and socialization can help manage excessive barking.

Top Takeaways

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi stands out as a distinct breed, notably different from its close relative, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. One of the primary distinguishing features is the Cardigan’s long tail in contrast to the Pembroke’s shorter variant. Originating as a herding dog, it’s not uncommon to find the Cardigan occasionally displaying herding tendencies, sometimes even trying to “herd” small children or other animals. This active and intelligent breed requires consistent mental and physical engagement. Whether it’s through daily exercises or puzzle toys, they thrive when stimulated.

Despite their love for expansive spaces, Cardigans have shown remarkable adaptability, making them suitable for apartment living as long as their exercise needs are met. Their double coat warrants regular brushing to both prevent matting and manage shedding. However, grooming is comparatively straightforward relative to other breeds. Health-wise, while they are generally robust, it’s essential to be aware of specific conditions they might be predisposed to, such as hip dysplasia and degenerative myelopathy. Regular veterinary check-ups are a must.

Training a Cardigan is a relatively smooth experience due to their eagerness to please and sharp intellect. However, consistent training is pivotal. They are sociable by nature and tend to get along well with children and other household pets, especially when socialized early. One characteristic to note is their vocal nature. They aren’t shy to bark when they sense anomalies or when boredom strikes, although training can keep excessive barking in check. With the right care, nutrition, and attention, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi can be a devoted companion for anywhere between 12 to 15 years, enriching households with its vibrant and loving personality.

Top Cardigan Welsh Corgi Names

These are the top Cardigan Welsh Corgi names as chosen by Pawstray pet parents!

Female Names


Ginger Adam









Male Names











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